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Benchmarks Gauge Investment Markets

check pointJust as a car salesperson uses the “blue book” to gauge the approximate price for a newly acquired vehicle, you can use market benchmarks to gauge the approximate performance of your mutual fund investments. Each market index tracks a representative sampling of stocks, bonds, or other securities that may be similar to the holdings in your investment portfolio.

Often tracked in financial websites and newspapers, benchmarks can be especially helpful to individual investors by offering a framework whereby they can evaluate the risk and return history of their own investments. The important consideration to keep in mind is that, when using benchmarks to compare to your investments, you should always compare apples to apples. In order to accurately do this, it helps to be familiar with a variety of benchmarks and the sectors and asset classes they track.

What Are Benchmarks and How Are They Used?

The dictionary defines a benchmark as “a point of reference for measurement.” In investing, benchmarks are measurements used by investors, portfolio managers, and market watchers to track how a particular asset class or sector performs and to compare relevant investments to that measurement.

A Variety of Measures

Some of the more popular and widely used indexes include:

  • IBC’s Money Fund Report Averages®: These benchmarks track the averages of taxable and tax-free money market fund yields on a 7- and 30-day basis.1
  • Barclays Aggregate Bond Index: A combination of several bond indexes, Barclays indexes are among the most widely used benchmarks of bond market total returns.
  • 10-Year U.S. Treasury Bond: The yield on this long-term U.S. government bond is often looked to as the standard bond yield for long-term bond investments.
  • Standard & Poor’s Composite Index of 500 Stocks (S&P 500): A broad-based, unmanaged index of the average performance of 500 widely held industrial, transportation, financial, and utility stocks. Many people believe that this, one of the most often-cited indexes, includes the 500 largest stocks on the New York Stock Exchange. Not true: In fact, it includes the stocks of companies that are or have been leaders in their respective industries and that are listed in the New York Stock Exchange and the NASDAQ Market System. The industry weightings in the S&P 500 are selected to reflect components of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
  • ________________________________________
    benchmark n : a point of reference for measurement.
  • Dow Jones Industrial Average: Following the returns of 30 well-established American companies, the Dow is among the most renowned of the stock market indexes. However, the S&P 500 can be considered a broader indicator of the stock market. The Dow has usurped much of the focus of the newspapers’ investment pages because of its unprecedented string of double-digit gains in the late 1990s.
  • The Nasdaq Composite Index: This index was created in 1971 and measures all domestic and non-U.S.-based common stocks listed on the NASDAQ market. It contains many new-economy companies and is widely acknowledged as a benchmark for technology stocks.
  • Morgan Stanley Capital International’s Europe, Australasia, Far East (EAFE) Index: The most prominent of the indexes that track international stock markets, the EAFE is composed of companies considered representative of 20 European and Pacific Basin countries.

In addition to the above, there are many others including the Value Line Composite Index (stocks); the Russell 2000 Index (small-cap stocks); the Citi 3-Month T-bill (money markets); the Dow Jones World Stock Market Index (major international markets, including U.S.); and the Barclays Global Aggregate Bond Index (global bond index).

Many benchmarks, including those listed above, are reported regularly on major financial websites and in the business section of local newspapers; national publications such as The Wall Street Journal and Investor’s Business Daily; and, internationally, in The Financial Times.

Common Investment Benchmarks

  • IBC’s Money Fund Report Averages®
  • Barclays Aggregate Bond Index
  • 10-Year U.S. Treasury Bond
  • Standard & Poor’s Composite Index of 500 Stocks
  • Dow Jones Industrial Average
  • Nasdaq Composite Index
  • Morgan Stanley Capital Europe, Australasia, Far East Index

Using Benchmarks to Target Expected Return

Benchmarks can be used to assess what types of investments may be most suitable to an investor’s goals and investment time frame. By looking at the past performance of a market index, you can gauge the relative return potential of a particular asset class, as well as its risk characteristics. Keep in mind, however, that past performance is not a guarantee of future results. Also, be careful to use the right benchmark. For example, you wouldn’t want to invest in corporate bonds maturing in five years based on the benchmark performance of 10-year U.S. Treasury bonds. Your financial advisor can help you assess which benchmarks to use in evaluating the performance and risk of a given market.

In mutual fund investing, market indexes can be used as a benchmark to evaluate how a given fund has performed in relation to the overall market. Be careful to look at the fund’s performance relative to the benchmark over time. Keep in mind that a fund that outperforms the benchmark some of the time and underperforms it in others can still be a good addition to your portfolio if it offers opportunities to diversify.

You may also want to look at indexes of specific types of mutual funds when assessing their performance.

Don’t Rely Solely on the Blue Book

The short-term, stellar performance of a particular benchmark may spark your interest in a specific investment class or sector; but remember, you shouldn’t buy the car based solely on the blue book price.

In other words, research the investment opportunity, your personal objectives, and risk tolerance before investing. And use the benchmark as just one more resource to keep tabs on your investment performance.

1An investment in a money market fund is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other government agency. Although the fund seeks to preserve the value of your investment at $1.00 per share, it is possible to lose money by investing in the fund.

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© 2016 DST Systems, Inc. Reproduction in whole or in part prohibited, except by permission. All rights reserved. Not responsible for any errors or omissions.

Categories: Investing


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Martin V. Higgins CFP, ChFC, CLU, AEP, LUTCF, RHU is a Certified Financial Planner, author and retirement income specialist who helps people prepare financially for retirement by designing written retirement income plans for people who may need to last 30+ years.

He is the CEO of Family Wealth Management and creator of “The WealthCare Process” designed to simplify and coordinate the financial affairs of his clientele of pre-retirees, retirees, widows and small business owners. He’s won the Women’s Choice Award for Financial Advisors and Firms.

His latest book “DistributionLand”, published in October 2014, immediately became an Amazon Best Seller and is a must read for anyone preparing for retirement.


The Women’s Choice Award Financial Advisor program was created by WomenCertified Inc., the Voice of Women, in an effort to help women make smart financial choices. The program is based on 17 objective criteria associated with providing quality service to women clients such as credentials, experience, and a favorable regulatory history, among other factors. Financial advisors do not pay a fee to be considered or placed on the final list of Women’s Choice Award® Financial Advisors, though they may have paid a basic program fee to cover the cost of a client survey through Advisor Impact. The inclusion of a financial advisor within the Women’s Choice Award Financial Advisor network should not be construed as an endorsement of the financial advisor by WomenCertified or its partners and affiliates and is no guarantee as to future investment success. This portion is updated periodically. Please access updated content here:

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This is not an offer or solicitation in any jurisdiction where we are not authorized to do business. Registered representatives offer securities through Mutual of Omaha Investor Services, Inc. Member FINRA/SIPC. Investment advisor representatives offer advisory services through Mutual of Omaha Investor Services, Inc. Family Wealth Management and Mutual of Omaha Investor Services, Inc. are not affiliated.